Camel Milk in Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes has become an epidemic. Government health organizations along with other health practitioners have put up strong efforts to control this, but financial limitation and medicinal resources being exhaustive, the overall efficiency is not enough. The greatest number of diabetic patients are witnessed in China and India. Moreover, more than 70% of this population belong to middle and lower class groups, hence can’t afford to seek proper medical services.
Hence searching for an alternative remedy for the same was the need of the hour. Many clinical researches have provided established witnesses where Camel milk was found to be helpful in controlling the blood sugar levels in humans. Camel milk contains natural insulin which helps to regulate blood sugar levels.
Most of the orally taken insulin is acted upon by digestive enzymes. Smaller peptides acting like insulin and other proteins are unable to overcome the barriers in the stomach and are degraded by the digestive processes, hence failing to enter the blood stream. It is the uniqueness of the camel milk that the insulin in it is protected during the digesting process and is not acted upon by digestive enzymes.
Camel milk doesn’t coagulate at lower pH and has larger lipids than in milk of other mammals. Cow milk evidently has very less composition of insulin than camel milk. The amount of insulin in cow milk even degrades once it’s processed and brought to the dairy store. The size of the insulin carrying lipid micelles increases when exposed to hot weather and water deprivation. Camel, being a desert animal, is adjusted to such circumstances naturally, hence, explains the unique property of its milk. The studies are being done that if due to these features, it is possible for insulin to cross stomach and be absorbed in the blood stream, then the same could be used to formulate oral insulin medications.
Camel milk has been proven beneficial in many laboratories, be it Indian or international, for patients of diabetes type 1 and type 2 by long term glycemic control and by reduction of doses of insulin intake. It also helped to heal diabetic wounds in a clinical trial. It was also found that in type 2 diabetes, camel milk reduces FBS, post-prandial glucose and HbA1c. AUC‐insulin and AUC‐glucose also decreased significantly along with HOMA-IR.